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Evaluating the importance of community participation in infrastructure delivery in the Western Cape

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dc.creator Khan, Zainunisha
dc.date 2013-02-25T09:39:41Z
dc.date 2013-02-25T09:39:41Z
dc.date 2006
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-10T10:22:14Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-10T10:22:14Z
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/11189/816
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11189/816
dc.description Thesis (MTech (Construction Management))--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2006
dc.description There is a realisation that new emphasis and added responsibilities are heing placed on professional consultants to involve local communities in the development process. The traditional hierarchical 'top-down" approach which characterised the way projects were initiated and managed by construction professionals in the past has lost favour with the Department of Public Works (DPW). It is therefore necessary for professionals to change their thinking, react and adapt to change. This will require a major paradigm shift on the part of the construction professional consultants. The World Bank advocates three measures to reform the provision of infrastructure services, namely wider application of commercial principles to service providers, broader use of competition, and increased involvement of users where commercial and competitive behaviour is constrained. The need for people involved in development to be placed in the centre also suggests the implementation of specific and intruding shifts in emphasis. Policies and strategies directed mainly at the control of natural settings, technological considerations, economic structures and demographic conditions have to be replaced by policies that take full cognisance of concomitant values, customs, social structures and political participation. The study examined the lack of community participation in current community development projects in South Africa which resulted in their diminished usefulness to beneficiary communities. The study had five main objectives namely (a) To highlight the importance of community participation in development projects through a theoretical study; (b) With the use of surveys establish whether community development projects involve the participation of the beneficiary community in all the stages of a project; (c) To show the Current project delivery systems enhance community participation; (d) To highlight the effect that community dynamics has on the process of delivering development projects and (e) Show through a survey that beneficiary communities do not accept ownership of projects unless they participate in these projects. Literature reviewed established the importance of community parllC1pation in development projects as well as the importance of government intervention programmes through delivery mechanisms in giving effect to community participation. The survey used obtained opinions on the implementation of community participation in development projects from a range of stakeholders who formed part of the delivery system Beneficiary communities were interviewed to establish their perception of project delivery especially their level of satisfaction with the process of delivery as well as the product being delivered. Community participation was evidently an important factor in the success of development projects. Development projects or infrastructure provision was important to the growth of communities both economically and socially. It would seem that the success of a participatory community technique depended on making clear the stakeholder involvement and responsibilities at the outset of projects. Cooperative stakeholders joining together in consultative processes created an environment of continuous review of problem identification, objectives, activities and anticipated cost and benefits.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Cape Peninsula University of Technology
dc.rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/za/
dc.subject Infrastructure (Economics) -- South Africa
dc.subject Community development -- South Africa
dc.title Evaluating the importance of community participation in infrastructure delivery in the Western Cape
dc.type Thesis

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