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Hominid distal humeri, proximal radii and proximal ulnae from Sterkfontein, in comparison with the elbow bones of other plio-pleistocene fossil hominids

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dc.contributor.advisor Tobias PV en
dc.contributor.author Menter CG en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T11:14:08Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T11:14:08Z
dc.date.submitted 2002 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/106318
dc.description.abstract The main goals of this thesis are the description and analysis of the fossil elbow material from Sterkfontein Members 4 and 5. This includes several specimens which have not previously been described. Furthermore, new humeral specimens from both Drimolen and Swartkrans are included in the fossil comparative sample. In order to address the goals of this study, the fossil material from Sterkfontein was compared to other early hominid elbow material as well as to a large sample of African apes and humans. The extant sample provided the basis for comparing the hominid elbow. The analysis of this sample notes that variation in measures of the elbow is consistently high. Previous studies of the elbow have led to one or other of two polarised views: they have concluded either that variation in the distal humerus is too great to permit taxonomic assessments of fossils to be made, or that there are distinct and consistent morphs or patterns with which to make taxonomic assignments. The results of this study confirm the former and refute the latter. It is found that, due to the variability expressed in the elbow bones of African apes and humans, the similarities of the fossils as a group and their overall resemblance to those of humans, the bones of the elbow have poor ability to separate fossils into taxa based on their morphology alone. en
dc.language English en
dc.title Hominid distal humeri, proximal radii and proximal ulnae from Sterkfontein, in comparison with the elbow bones of other plio-pleistocene fossil hominids en
dc.type Doctoral degree en
dc.description.degree PhD ( Anatomical Sciences) en


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