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Evaluating community based public works programme projects in Mpumalanga

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dc.contributor.advisor Altman M en
dc.contributor.author Mashaba A en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T11:18:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T11:18:00Z
dc.date.created 2000 en
dc.date.submitted 2000 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/109291
dc.description.abstract Public Works Programmes (PWPs) have been introduced in many countries to provide minimum incomes for those affected by poverty. In South Africa Public Works Programmes were first implemented in the early 1920's as a . means of alleviating poverty to the "poor white" people. <br><br> When the new government assumed office in 1994, one of the major problems facing government was the extremely high levels of unemployment. To help counter this problem, the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) was introduced. One of the programmes within the RDP was the National Public Works Programme (NPWP), which also had Community Based Public Works Programme (CBPWP) as a sub-programme. The objectives of the CBPWP were stated as: job creation, training, creation of a viable asset and community empowerment. <br><br> The purpose of this study is to make an assessment of the community based public works programme against its objectives as implemented in Mpumalanga. Pursuant to the objective of this study, a comparative review of local and international literature was done, experiences from similar programmes drawn on. Two projects namely: Mbangwane Multi-purpose Centre and Leandra storm water drainage were assessed. The assessment was conducted by means of in-depth interviews, focus groups and document reviews. <br><br> It was found that the construction methods used by PWPs led to a greater number of jobs than would have been created had conventional construction methods used. The research outcome also revealed that, despite the focus of the programme on women and youth, men received more jobs. Formal training was offered in the early stages of construction, allowing beneficiaries to apply the newly acquired skills on the projects and in-service training was offered on a continuous basis throughout the construction phase of the projects. The people who were trained were generally confident of their skills. The assets created were designed and supervised during construction by suitably qualified people. They appear durable and on inspection no defects, in design or workmanship were detected. While acknowledging complexity around measurement of empowerment, it was considered an ultimate product of various participatory processes. On the basis of such participation it was found that empowerment did occur in Leandra and to a relatively lesser extent in Mbangwane too. <br><br> Some of the main recommendations made, are that the programme develops a criterion that will form basis for selection, for both employment and training, and that this criterion should be biased in favour of women and youth. The training offered should be recognisable and be related to formal institutions. en
dc.language English en
dc.title Evaluating community based public works programme projects in Mpumalanga en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MM (P & DM) en

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