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The making of lobi architecture, decoration and sculpture

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dc.contributor.advisor Coetzee A en
dc.contributor.advisor Rich BRP en
dc.contributor.author Yavo P en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T11:19:57Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T11:19:57Z
dc.date.created 2001 en
dc.date.submitted 2003 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/111908
dc.description.abstract We attempt to make a contribution to the understanding of architecture in traditional Lobi society with particular emphasis on the traditional builder, the decoration and the sculpture. The traditional architecture of Lobi builders, decorators and their sculpture in Cote d'lvoire is studied and interpreted. Specifically, supervision, division of labour and specialisation are investigated. In particular, the usefulness of the traditional builder, his contribution to the society and in the community is determined. The prevailing architectural form that is studied in the dissertation is that of dispersed mud-walled settlement. Homesteads from six major villages in Lobiland are selected for case study. They are: Pale Masse in the village of Bromakote, Fanta Da in the village of Kartoudouo, Sie Pale in the village of Ondefidouo, Da Filwate in the village of Sayaledouo, Wele Sie in the village of Sepidouo and Hien Pale in the village of Teguidouo. Surveys, interviews (informal and formal) and participant observation were used to collect data. The fieldwork was conducted from the 15th March to 15th April 2002 and 12th July to 22nd August 2002 in the region of Bouna, which is the main province in Lobiland (Cote d'lvoire). <br><br> The purpose of this dissertation is to provide records of Lobi's buildings that we measured and analysed in the course of our exploration and our fieldwork. We aim to draw scholars' attention to Lobi's cultural achievements and to the appreciation of their architecture. We believe that the Lobi's vernacular building has, to date, remained unnoticed, and run the risk of being forgotten. Our discussion will focus on the study of functional planning, construction and form created by Lobi's builders in order to meet their cultural needs. As Dmochowski (1990, pp. V) put it: Architecture is neither a purely artistic nor an exclusively technical activity. Its aim is to provide a material frame for the major part of human life: for work and rest, for religious, social and artistic activities. In order to achieve this end, the work of architecture - the building - must be strong to assure reliable shelter. It also must be planned, to provide for comfortable use of its component parts. Finally, it must satisfy a demand always inherent in the human mind, for aesthetic satisfaction: for that elusive, precious quality called beauty. <br><br> Thus the act of building is not an end in itself, but rather a means to an end, which is to satisfy the material and spiritual needs of the people for which it is created. As a result, of all the arts, architecture is the one that is most firmly linked to life and reflects its dynamics directly, faithfully and most enduringly. Recording, preserving and safeguarding the heritage of Lobi is necessary not only because it represents a unique cultural record but also because it offers some lessons for the present and for the future generations. In this light, it would appear that, in order to apprehend the aims of Lobi's building and to understand and appreciate its tradition, one should consider investigating relationships between peoples and buildings and consider the conceptual and perceptual in the decision-making processes as far as shelter is concerned. It is important to discuss functionality, privacy, safety, circulation, animal husbandry and sanitation in an integrated way in order to answer the following questions: (1) Which part of the human life - work or rest; social, religious or artistic activities - does Lobi's architecture provide for?; (2) Is the building planned to provide for comfort?; (3) Does the building satisfy Lobi's demand for aesthetic?; (4) Do Lobi builders' architecture originate with respect and love for the society for which it is created - a society that is conscious and proud of its culture?; (5) What needs do Lobi's buildings satisfy: physical needs such as security from animal and human foes, and protection from the elements?; and (6) Are there any spiritual and intellectual factors that come into play? Does the evolution of built form facilitate organised collaboration of men; progress in social understanding and knowledge of technology and the creation of ideological and/or spiritual convictions? en
dc.language English en
dc.title The making of lobi architecture, decoration and sculpture en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MArch en

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