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Knowledge, attitudes and practices of students in matric regarding smoking

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dc.contributor.advisor Naidoo S, Dr en
dc.contributor.advisor Smuts B, Ms en
dc.contributor.author Mokonoto MD en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T11:20:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T11:20:00Z
dc.date.created 2001 en
dc.date.submitted 2003 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/111975
dc.description.abstract Smoking is a preventable cause of death. Young people start smoking at an early age due to certain external influences such as peer pressure, advertising etc. Once they start smoking, they often remain smokers forever because of the addictive effects of nicotine. The international studies show that the high morbidity and 'mortality rates caused by cigarette smoking can be reduced if health promotion strategies target school going children. <br><br> The aim of the study was to investigate knowledge, attitudes and practices of students in matric as regards smoking in the Greater Tshwane Metropolitan area (Pretoria). This will inform the health promotion programmes, in particular health education, dealing with tobacco smoking prevention and control in schools. <br><br> A cross sectional analytical survey was conducted in three high schools of the Tshwane South Education District, in the Greater Tshwane Metropolitan area (Pretoria). All racial groups (i.e. Whites, Africans, Indians and Coloureds) were studied. An anonymous self - administered questionnaire, containing both open and closed ended questions was used. <br><br> The results were analysed using Epi Info 6 and STATA. 95% of the students had an overwhelming knowledge of the dangers of smoking. Of all the students (26%) were current smokers. <br><br> Multiple logistic models found that the following factors were significantly associated with whether or not students currently smoked, and whether or not they ever smoked: (1) Race - Coloured students smoked the most. The Odds Ratio for each category was as follows; Whites OR: 1.78 (CI: 0.67 - 4.76), Indian OR: 2.81 (CI: 0.82 - 9. 60) and Coloured OR: 3.94 (CI: 0.84 - 9.54). Centre (i.e. type of school) - There is a centre effect, with the eastern suburb school (centre 3) having a higher prevalence of smoking than Laudium (centre 2) and Mamelodi (centre 4). The odds ratio for smoking for eastern suburb school is 3.2 and for smoking for Laudium and Mamelodi is close to 1. (2) Sex - Males smoked more than females OR: 0.26 (CI: 0.37 - 3.26). However, Coloured students smoked the most amongst the females. The Odds Ratio for smoking amongst females among the different race groups were as follows: White: OR: 3,15 (CI: 0.93 - 10.64), Indian: OR: 0.32 (CI: 0.05 - 1.93) and Coloured: OR: 13.55, (CI: 0.88 -207.6). Overall, the prevalence of cigarette smoking is very high amongst matric students in the public high schools of Tshwane and there is a need for urgent preventive programmes. en
dc.language English en
dc.title Knowledge, attitudes and practices of students in matric regarding smoking en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MPH (Public Health) en

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