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Earlier Stone Age geoarchaelogy of the northern Kruger Park

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dc.contributor.advisor Kuman KA en
dc.contributor.author Gibbon RJ en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T11:20:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T11:20:00Z
dc.date.created 2002 en
dc.date.submitted 2004 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/111985
dc.description.abstract The results of an extensive survey of the Northern Kruger Park reveals that Earlier Stone Age hominids utilised clasts from the Malonga Formation to make stone tools. Analysis of the survey data demonstrates that tools dropped on the landscape, through a combination of alluvial and colluvial processes, be- came engulfed within stream beds and outwash alluvial fans radiating from the Malonga Formation highlands. These tool-bearing deposits formed the resist- ant areas which occur as ridges and hills in the landscape today. The deposits accumulated under more arid climatic conditions than occur at present, with a reduction in vegetation cover. An Acheulean industry, preserved within the deposits, appears to belong to the Middle Acheulean period because it lacks the relatively more refined bifaces of the later Acheulean. The industry con- tains numerous prepared cores, including a few Victoria West-like cores. This Middle Acheulean interpretation is supported by geomorphological data. A distinct east-west change in tool concentrations is explained in terms of the distribution of the quality of the raw materials and the discard behaviour of the hominids. The area would have been a favourable location for hominid activity, with access to water, as well as to abundant food resources in the riverine habitat. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Archaeology en
dc.subject Periods excluding Iron Age en
dc.title Earlier Stone Age geoarchaelogy of the northern Kruger Park en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MSc en

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