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An overall evaluation of eight intensively managed turfgrass species suitable for the use on golf courses

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dc.contributor.advisor Theunissen JD, Dr en
dc.contributor.advisor Van Vuuren JDJ, en
dc.contributor.author Stone J en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T07:17:26Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T07:17:26Z
dc.date.submitted 1998 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/11330
dc.description.abstract With the new sporting developments in South Africa, it has become essential to locate and conduct research on indigenous grasses with potential for use on sportsfields. These potentially suitable grasses need to be selected and trialed before being made commercially available to the turfgrass industry. It was the intention of this project to subject eight selected grasses to four different variables which were believed to be of the greatest significance in the turf industry. These grasses included three "Cynodon dactylon" (L.) Pers. "X Cynodon transvaalensis" Burtt-Davy hybrids (Tifgreen, Tifway and Gulfgreen), a "Cynodon transvaalensis" Burtt-Davy variety (Bayview), "Agrostis palustris" Huds. (Penncross Creeping Bentgrass), a Fescue and Ryegrass mixture, "Stenotaphrum secundatum" (Walt.) O. Kuntze (St. Augustines) and "Pennisetum clandestinum" Hochst. ex Chiov. (Kikuyu). The four selection criteria trialed included disease resistance, shade tolerance, traffic compaction tolerance and drought resistance. Significant differences (P less than 0.01) were found between all grasses for all variables trialed. In terms of disease resistance, Gulfgreen and St. Augustines grasses proved to best resist the concentrations of the fungi "Rhizoctonia solani" Kuhn, "Pythium ultimum" Trow and "Pythium aphanidermatum" (Edson) Fitzp. With respect to shade tolerance, Gulfgreen and St. Augustines grasses were more shade tolerant than the other grasses on trial. Traffic compaction tolerance trials also proved that Gulfgreen and St. Augustines grasses had a higher potential for use where traffic compaction was a problem. Furthermore, Gulfgreen and St. Augustines grasses had the greatest drought resistance compared to the other grasses trialed. It is stressed that only eight grasses were trialed and only fewer than five selection criteria. The need for further research is essential for the development of the turf industry in South Africa. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Botany en
dc.title An overall evaluation of eight intensively managed turfgrass species suitable for the use on golf courses en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MSc en

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