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Prevalence of traumatic injuries to permanent anterior teeth in black school children in Kwa-Thema, Springs

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dc.contributor.author Mogafe SM en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T11:26:30Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T11:26:30Z
dc.date.submitted 1989 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/121511
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence traumatic injuries to permanent anterior teeth; their distribution according to type; etiology; place of occurrence; location of trauma; type of trauma and awareness: of injury; in a population sample of school children from Kwa-Thema, Springs (R.S.A.). <br><br> The sample consisted of 13 312 children 6-18 years old enrolled in 17 public schools in Kwa-Thema, Springs. The prevalence of injuries was 11, 7% The largest number of injuries was found in 13 year old children followed by the 14 year old. The most common type of injury in both sexes was enamel fracture (49, 0%) followed by enamel/dentin fracture without pulp exposure (18, 4%). The most common cause of injury in both sexes was falling against an object 48, 3%. While the most frequent place of occurrence of trauma in both sexes was at home (40, 3%), followed by in the street (33,2%). Teeth most commonly injured were the maxillary central incisors (91, 8%). Most boys injured their teeth playing soccer (32, 5%) and in some girls playing netball (4, 3%). In the sample studied 66, 4% of children with injured teeth were not aware of such injuries in contrast to 33, 6% who knew of their injuries. <br><br> The prevention of accidental trauma to the teeth is perhaps overshadowed by the tremendous interest worldwide in the prevention and control of other dental diseases. The loss of permanent teeth is, however, an irreversible injury. Although reconstruction can be highly effective, it is usually of limited duration, before further and probably replacement that is more extensive is required. <br><br> Most injuries in young children such as these noted in this investigation could be prevented by improved supervision, especially preschool children who should not be left alone. The high prevalence of injuries found among older children and teenagers reflect the vigorous play characteristic of this group, and a lack of organization of sport activities appears to contribute to many of the accidents. The designation and restriction of specific areas to each game, the promotion and use of protective devices for the orofacial structures during body contact sports, and additional supervision of playground activities could help reduce risk. <br><br> Falls tend to occur on poorly surfaced floors or grounds an it should be clear that any potential hazards in homes, schools and the neighbourhood surroundings should be corrected. <br><br> Protruding incisors may increase the risk of dental injuries, therefore children and adolescents with this problem should be referred for evaluation and treatment. <br><br> It is hoped that awareness of the findings of the present study will aid the prevention of trauma to teeth. en
dc.language English en
dc.title Prevalence of traumatic injuries to permanent anterior teeth in black school children in Kwa-Thema, Springs en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MDent en


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