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Legislation for mine rehabilitation in South Africa, Australia and Canada : a comparative review

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dc.contributor.advisor Van der Walt IJ, Dr en
dc.contributor.author Kruger E en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T07:18:58Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T07:18:58Z
dc.date.submitted 2002 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/13571
dc.description.abstract In South Africa mining legislation has been in existence since 1956 and it was updated by the Minerals Act no 50 of 1991. Because of pressure from abroad and from public opinion, more focus is continually placed on environmental management, even in the mining industry. For this reason rehabilitation of mines has become an integral part of the mining life cycle. However, very little guidance as to how to rehabilitate is given in terms of regulations or guidelines published by the Department of Minerals and Energy. <br><br> Studies regarding rehabilitation have been conducted both in South Africa and abroad since the early 1960s. These studies have indicated numerous environmental principles which can be implemented during planning for rehabilitation as well as during rehabilitation itself. Why then is there still a lack of guidance either in terms of regulations or guidelines? <br><br> The legislation of the Australian Commonwealth government, and two Australian territories (New South Wales and Victoria), as well as Canada and two Canadian provinces (Manitoba and Ontario) was compared to the appropriate South African legislation in order to determine whether guidelines and/or regulations exist for these countries and, if so, whether they can serve as blueprints for similar guidelines/regulations in South Africa. <br><br> The study is therefore a literature and legislative review and a comparison. Key issues/principles were identified in order to compare legislation. Comparisons were done on three levels: (1) Mineral and mining related acts; (2) Regulations in terms of these acts; and (3) Guidelines published by the leading agent concerned with rehabilitation. <br><br> A summary of the findings was compiled in which it was found that one of two routes can be taken: (1) Either incorporating detailed rehabilitation standards into the regulations and only providing additional guidelines where necessary; or (2) Keeping the regulations simple but providing detailed guidelines on numerous topics related to rehabilitation. <br><br> The study concludes by proposing the second option for the South African situation. Based on the studies done, a 'recipe' is given that could be used for rehabilitation and could be incorporated into guidelines, endorsed by the Department of Minerals and Energy. <br><br> en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Environmental sciences and Ecology en
dc.subject Resources, energy and environmental management en
dc.title Legislation for mine rehabilitation in South Africa, Australia and Canada : a comparative review en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MSc en

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