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The implementation and evaluation of a reality orientation programme for the frail aged in a home for the aged

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dc.contributor.author Pierskalla A en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T13:18:36Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T13:18:36Z
dc.date.submitted 1994 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/157006
dc.description.abstract This study was aimed at convincing caring staff and society that the mentally frail aged can develop and live a meaningful life. It is also an effort to dispel the myth that they only need medical care to survive. From the literature study, it is evident that there are various intervention strategies that can be utilised. The Reality Orientation Programme was selected because it can be utilised in a group context and also on a 24-hour informal basis. A sample of twelve respondents was subjected to the programme for five days a week for three months, to assess whether this had any influence on the quality of social life on the aged person. The Pretest-Posttest One-Group design was utilised. While the posttest results of seven respondents were significantly higher than the corresponding pretest results, the monitoring of behaviour gave essential data on prgress. Assessment, monitoring and evaluation confirmed a significant change in social behaviour in all cases. Intervening variables, such as medication, physical deterioration, families and friends were identified and monitored to limit their impact. The programme can improve the quality of social life of the mentally frail aged significantly. Volunteers were trained and used in this process. It is recommended that this programme be run by volunteers to counteract manpower shortages and to ensure cost effectiveness. Caring staff should be trained in basic principles of the programme to enable them to apply these and to monitor change in the residents. It is concluded that many frail aged are victims of the attitudes and myths of society, giving rise to the inadequate provision of social activities. The implementation of a Reality Orientation Programme could be instrumental in a changing of attitude towards mentally frail aged. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Social work en
dc.subject Care of the aged en
dc.title The implementation and evaluation of a reality orientation programme for the frail aged in a home for the aged en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA(SW) en

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