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Die vleisproduksiepotensiaal van Lesotho, Botswana en Angola

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dc.contributor.author Fourie D du T en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-26T06:23:02Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-26T06:23:02Z
dc.date.created 1971 en
dc.date.submitted 1973 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/169841
dc.description.abstract The economic development of underdeveloped countries is usually based on the agriculture and mining sectors. In the three countries under discussion, namely Lesotho, Botswana and Angola, cattle is the dominant enterprise within the agricultural sector. The successful economic development of these countries is therefore closely associated with the development of the livestock enterprise. In order to determine the meat production potential in these countries special attention should be focussed on three groups of factors, namely natural factors, sociological factors, and economic factors. Natural factors such as, topography, climate, soil, and veaetation determine the carrying capacity of the natural veld. These factors are fixed while biological factors wiiich could also be classified as natural factors, can be changed. The most important. biological factors are diseases and the adaptibility of cattle to extreme conditions. Sociological and economic factors influence land use patterns and farming systems. Sociological factors considered relevant are land tenure systems in tribal areas, the distribution of the population and other ethnological factors. Economic bottlenecks are mainly caused by internal marketing facilities, transport facilities together with long distances from marketing areas, slaughter and export facilities, and especially small subsistance farming units. Sociological and economic factors usually cause bottlenecks in developing countries that inhibit the growth of the agricultural sector. Especially extension services and the creation of the necessa ry infrastructure can eliminate these problems. In 1969/70 the total number of cattle in Lesotho, Botswana and Angola were 400 000, 1 481 000, and 2 170 000 respectively. During the period 1965/66 to 1969/70, cattle numbers showed a steady increase at an annual average rate of 10,8 percent in Lesotho, 15,4 percent in Botswana and 3,5 percent in Angola. At present the average rate of turnover is relatively low and amounts to only 6 percent in Lesotho, 8 percent in Botswana, and 17 percent in Angola. In this study each country was divided into natural farming regions as was determined by natural factors. Lesotho, Botswana, and Angola were divided into 4, 5, and 6 natural farming recrions respectively. The potential carrying capacity of each region in the different countries was determined on the basis of data obtained from. experts on the carrying capacity of natural veld in these regions. According to this method, the following number of large-animal units can be accommodated in each country: Lesotho 510 700, Botswana 2 908 000, and Angola 11 880 500. These numbers represent a decrease 22,5% in Lesotho, and an increase of 574,9 percent in Angola on the present number of livestock. Apart from this aspect, meat production can be increased by increasing the efficiency of the livestock industry, Factors that seem particularly important in this respect are an increase in the calving percentage, a decrease in the mortality rates, and the marketing of cattle at a younger age than present. If special attention is paid to these factors, the rate of turnover of 20 percent with an average carcass weight of 200 kilograms seems possible within the next few decades. If these targets can be realised, an annual meat production of 14 838 metric tons in Lesotho, 168 313 metric tons in Botswana, and 859 393 metric tons in Angola can be reached by the year 2015. In order to realise these targets, special attention should be given to educational development by way of an extension service, organised marketing, creating credit facilities, and production and marketing facilities. Furthermore, land tenure systems should be developed especially in the tribal areas which could accommodate commercial meat production. en
dc.language Afrikaans en
dc.subject Economics en
dc.subject Agricultural economics en
dc.title Die vleisproduksiepotensiaal van Lesotho, Botswana en Angola en
dc.title.alternative The meat production potential of Lesotho, Botswana and Angola en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MSc (Agric) en

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