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Group problem solving among community activists in a South African setting: an everyday cognition approach

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dc.contributor.author Van Vlaenderen HRM en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T08:10:28Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T08:10:28Z
dc.date.created 1993 en
dc.date.submitted 1997 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/21844
dc.description.abstract Focuses on the everyday problem solving processes of a group of community activists in a rural setting in the Eastern Cape. The study aims to uncover: the local knowledge of the participants of the study with reference to the concepts problem and problem solving; the participants' group problem solving procedure; and the dialectical interrelation between the participants' knowledge and practice with reference to everyday group problem solving. It is contended that the mainstream cognitive approach and the cross-cultural tradition are inappropriate for the study of everyday cognitive processes. A "situated cognition" approach, based on the notions of activity and cultural mediation, is proposed as a theoretical framework for the study. The ontological and epistemological assumptions underpinning the empirical study were derived from a scientific realist and hermeneutic paradigm. Data for the inquiry into the local knowledge of the participants was collected through individual interviews. Data for the inquiry into the participants' group problem solving practice consisted of video-taped group problem solving processes. Analysis of the research data reveals that the participants perceive a problem as an impediment to satisfactory participation in society. Problem solving is considered as an emotive, cognitive and inter-active process, involving particular role players. This process has a certain structure, involves attitudes and actions and relies on particular resources. Successful problem solving is perceived to result in restored social equilibrium. The group problem solving procedure consists of a process of developing a common understanding and group consensus. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Psychology en
dc.subject Social psychology en
dc.title Group problem solving among community activists in a South African setting: an everyday cognition approach en
dc.type Doctoral degree en
dc.description.degree PhD en


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