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The classification of negative polarity items: evidence from Dutch and Afrikaans

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dc.contributor.author Ter Horst PW en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T08:11:05Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T08:11:05Z
dc.date.created 1998 en
dc.date.submitted 1999 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/22006
dc.description.abstract In this thesis the problem of negative polarity items (NPIs) is discussed. NPIs are items that have to be licensed by a certain group of expressions. In this group of expressions which can trigger NPIs it is found, among other things: negations, adversative expressions, questions and conditionals. It is shown that there is an important problem for a grammatical approach to negative polarity: the group of expressions which can licence NPIs can't be adequately defined in a grammatical way. There is, however, a semantic way of defining the group of expressions that can licence NPIs. In semantics the group is often referred to as the group of "triggers". It can be proven logically that the group of triggers can be divided into four subgroups: a group of downward-entailing expressions, antimultiplicative expressions, anti-additive expressions and antimorphic expressions. By carrying out a corpus study the researcher found evidence for the hypothesis that the way in which NPIs are licenced by the triggers with different logical properties originate from the different grammatical classes of NPIs (negative polarity nouns, negative polarity adjectives and negative polarity verbs). Since there is evidence for this causal relation, it is argued that a grammatical approach to NPI-triggering is necessary from a formal point of view. The researcher gives a Minimalist account of NPI-triggering. To make the Minimalist Program suitable for NPI triggering it has to be assumed, however, that the semantic information about triggers is available in the lexicon of the MP. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Linguistics en
dc.subject Comparative linguistics en
dc.subject Afrikaans language en
dc.subject Language philosophy and theory en
dc.title The classification of negative polarity items: evidence from Dutch and Afrikaans en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en

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