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The life and times of Kama Chungwa, 1798-1875

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dc.contributor.author Yekela DS en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T08:12:43Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T08:12:43Z
dc.date.created 1984 en
dc.date.submitted 1989 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/24337
dc.description.abstract Few students of history understand the derivation and/or origin of the Gqunukhwebe Oath Ndifung'Ughungw'Efel'Emnyameni: I swear by Chungwa who is lying dead at Mnyameni (Alexandria). A desire to elucidate this point and other related facts inspired a close examination of the history of the Gqunukhwebe people, selecting as main theme the life-work of Chief Kama. The creation of the Gqunukhwebe Chiefdom under Khwane by the Xhosa king, Tshiwo is discussed. The central theme here is the black-white confrontation of the 17th-18th centuries on the Cape eastern frontier. The establishment of Wesleyville Missionary Station by William Shaw in 1823, the first Methodist Missionary institution in all Xhosaland is described. The discussion then centres on the significance of Kama's conversion and its implications. Kama's settling in Middledrift is discussed. It presents the cattle-killing delusion as a source of new trials for the priest-chief, and at the same time exposes the colonial government's efforts to gain ascendancy above the Xhosa Chiefs. Kama's land was the first testing ground in this respect, and the chief was initially agreeable to the scheme. Instances of Chief Kama's unco-operative attitude as signs that his compromising spirit had its limits. An atmosphere of disregard towards Kama pervades the period. But the adversities that threatened to dominate his later life did not by any means shake his Christian principles and convictions. The traces of his good works may to this day be seen in Middledrift, the traditional home of the Kamas. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject History en
dc.subject Africa en
dc.title The life and times of Kama Chungwa, 1798-1875 en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en


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