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An investigation of the significance of learned helplessness on membership participation in co-operative movements

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dc.contributor.author Norman PD en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T08:13:30Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T08:13:30Z
dc.date.created 1989 en
dc.date.submitted 1991 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/25526
dc.description.abstract Most of the members of the progressive co-operatives are black South Africans. It is argued that because of the country's racial policy, many of the members have become accustomed to a passive response to events in their lives and this gives rise to their failure to utilise the freedom and opportunities of the co-operative structure. This passive response could be explained in terms of a high level of learned helplessness among co-operative members. Two hypotheses are investigated in this study: Hypothesis 1: Passive co-operative members will have higher levels of learned helplessness than active members. Hypothesis 2: The level of learned helplessness decreases as the length of co-operative members' involvement increases. A personal interview is conducted and a standardised questionnaire is set to a sample of 50 black South Africans, many with limited education, drawn from six co-operatives in the Eastern Cape. No significant differences are found between the active and passive groups in terms of their levels of learned helplessness. Furthermore, the length of involvement in the co-operative has no effect on the level of learned helplessness. No support is found therefore for Hypothesis 1 and 2. A significant difference, however, is found between active and passive members and the number of months of involvement. This suggests that the length of involvement has an effect on how active members will be in the co-operative. The results of this study indicate that generally the sample does not suffer from learned helplessness. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Psychology en
dc.subject Social psychology en
dc.title An investigation of the significance of learned helplessness on membership participation in co-operative movements en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en


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