DSpace Repository

A study to determine the motor proficiency of children between the ages of six and ten years diagnosed with ADHD in the Cape Metropole

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Bester MM, Mrs en
dc.contributor.advisor Faure M, Mrs en
dc.contributor.author Statham SB en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T08:34:32Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T08:34:32Z
dc.date.submitted 2004 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/31044
dc.description.abstract Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been reported to have motor proficiency problems. Few studies have established the extent of these motor problems and few studies investigate both gross and fine motor proficiency. The studies which do investigate motor proficiency, often also include other aspects, for example physical fitness, grip strength or kinaesthesia. It is important to be able to identify motor proficiency deficit in this population group early for appropriate intervention to be as effective as possible. The first step in this process is to identify the areas of motor proficiency deficits experienced by these children. A cross-sectional descriptive study was done. The main aim of this study was to establish if children with ADHD demonstrate motor proficiency problems. A second aim was to identify in which areas of motor proficiency they have the most problems. A sample of 28 boys and 9 girls (n equal 37) children with ADHD, between the ages of six and ten, were identified by the medical practitioners at four school clinics in the Cape Metropole. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency was used to test the children. The demographic and other factors that could have affected the motor proficiency in these children were recorded. The range, mean and standard deviation were calculated for all the subtests and the three composite scores. Eighty-one percent of children scored below the expected norm on the Battery Composite Score (20th percentile) with the difference in age equivalent scores being significantly different (p less than 0.01), the Gross Motor Composite Score (20th percentile and p less than 0.01) and on the Running Speed and Agility Subtest (p less than 0.01), the Balance Subtest (p less than 0.01), Strength Subtest (p less than 0.01) and the Upper Limb Coordination Subtest (p less than 0.01). No significant motor proficiency problems were identified in the Fine Motor Composite Score (35th percentile), the Bilateral Coordination Subtest, the Response Speed Subtest, the Visual motor Subtest or the Visual Motor Control Subtest. These results support the literature in so far as motor proficiency deficits are present in children with ADHD, which in turn supports the need for early identification of these problems. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Physiotherapy en
dc.title A study to determine the motor proficiency of children between the ages of six and ten years diagnosed with ADHD in the Cape Metropole en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MScPhysio en


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record