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The impact of a change in political constitution on early Palestinian Judaism during the period 175-161 B.C.E.

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dc.contributor.advisor Cook J, Prof en
dc.contributor.author Molyneaux ME en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T08:38:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T08:38:34Z
dc.date.created 1997 en
dc.date.submitted 2002 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/36700
dc.description.abstract This study looks at a watershed period in the history of Judaism. In 175 B.C.E. a group of Jews sought to break Judaea out of the isolation in which it had stood since the Persian period. They wished to develop closer ties with their neighbours in Coele-Syria and Phoenicia and the Greek world in general. Since the Persian period the people of Judaea had been governed by high priests according to the 'ancestral laws' i.e. the Torah and its interpretation by Ezra. This 'ancestral law' had been confirmed as binding on all Jews by Antiochus III in his decree of 198 B.C.E. In order to move beyond the restrictions placed on contact between Jews and other peoples, it would be necessary to have the political status of Judaea changed. A change of political status could only be brought about by the king or one of his successors. In 175 B.C.E. a group of Jews requested Antiochus IV to permit them to transform Judaea from an ethnos into a polis. He agreed and the transformation was begun. It is these events of 175 B.C.E. that form the base of this study. The writer uses the model of Cultural Anthropology to form a framework in which these and subsequent events can be analysed. In this way we can get a better understanding of how events progressed. How a political reform ended in a religious suppression and persecution and finally a successful revolt against the Seleucid kingdom. The Torah and its interpretation stood at the center of Jewish life. Each group interpreted the law in their own way and understood events in relation to this interpretation. Therefore no analysis of this period can be undertaken without taking the law and its various interpretations into account. The law is the thread that holds all facets of this work together. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Semitic language en
dc.subject General en
dc.title The impact of a change in political constitution on early Palestinian Judaism during the period 175-161 B.C.E. en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en

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