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The clinical characteristics of Akathisia : a study of an effect of antipsychotic drugs in psychiatric patients

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dc.contributor.author Braude WM en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T09:10:19Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T09:10:19Z
dc.date.submitted 1984 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/44696
dc.description.abstract Reviews the application of the term akathisia . It is shown that a lack of consensus regarding the diagnostic criteria for drug-induced akathisia is reflected in the variable clinical characteristics of akathisia. The study delineates the clinical characteristics of antipsychotic drug-induced akathisia. The phenomena characteristic of the condition, occurring in psychiatric patients acutely exposed to antipsychotic drugs, are defined. The phenomenology and clinical characteristics of akathisia are identified. Phenomena which distinguish between akathisia and restlessness related to psychiatric illness are derived, as well as phenomena which distinguish grades of severity in akathisia. The relationship between akathisia, severity of parkinsonism and response to anticholinergic treatment suggests two types of akathisia. In a controlled tremagraphic investigation the dyskinesia of the lower limbs was subjected to further scrutiny. The outcome of this investigation was to characterise a low frequency jerky tremor of the feet as a specific sign of akathisia. Attention is paid to the clinical characteristics of akathisia in patients exposed to long-term antipsychotic drug treatment. A sample was assessed for motor restlessness, drug-induced movement disorders and mental state phenomena. Patients were classified into so-called acute and 'chronic' subgroups. In addition, pseudoakathisia , a variant of akathisia, was identified. A significant association was found between tardive dyskinesia and chronic akathisia. In addition, the findings indicate a relationship between pseudoakathisia , tardive dyskinesia and the severity of schizophrenia. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Medical sciences: Diseases en
dc.subject Psychiatry en
dc.title The clinical characteristics of Akathisia : a study of an effect of antipsychotic drugs in psychiatric patients en
dc.type Doctoral degree en
dc.description.degree MD (PSYCH) en


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