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An integrated rural energy strategy for the upper Tugela location, Kwazulu

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dc.contributor.author McClintock SE en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T09:17:15Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T09:17:15Z
dc.date.created 1987 en
dc.date.submitted 1988 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/53393
dc.description.abstract Investigates the means to enhance the availability of and access to affordable energy sources in the Upper Tugela Location. The study matches appropriate energy sources with prevailing socio-economic conditions. Qualitative information from a questionnaire, informal group discussions and direct observations suggest that the inhabitants of the Upper Tugela Location are relatively poor. Thus, a basic rural energy needs approach provides the theoretical base for the study. Research reveals that wood is the dominant energy source in the Upper Tugela Location. It is estimated that the annual household consumption of fuelwood is 3000 kg which is below the average for a rural area in South Africa. However, this resource is being depleted to the degree that local inhabitants are supplementing wood with expensive commercial fuels such as coal and paraffin. Locally available wood is in short supply, particularly in densely populated areas of the Upper Tugela Location. Most people buy wood from Natal farmers living on the borders of the area. There appear to be few attempts to establish woodlots in the Location. Renewable sources of energy are investigated as are non-renewable sources of energy such as grid electricity and commercial fuels. It is concluded that no single option adequately addresses the energy needs of the inhabitants of the Upper Tugela Location. Most of the renewable sources of energy, except wood, are too expensive. It is recommended that electricity from the national grid be made available to those who can afford it. The improvement of the distribution of commercial fuels in the Upper Tugela Location should be addressed. Woody biomass management and agroforestry programmes provide the best options for an energy strategy for the area. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Geography, human and regional en
dc.subject Economic geography en
dc.title An integrated rural energy strategy for the upper Tugela location, Kwazulu en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en


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