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Die invloed van motiveringsfaktore op verandering in die hartritme

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dc.contributor.author Spies E en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T09:55:05Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T09:55:05Z
dc.date.created 1973 en
dc.date.submitted 1976 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/65120
dc.description.abstract In this study it was attempted to determine the intrinsic motivation of a respondent, in other words his Awill to be successful@, measured according to his heart beat as a physiological variable. Instead of measuring motivation as the underlying personality trait, an attempt was made to determine the behavioural pattern of effort/discouragement in which motivation establishes itself. In chapter one these concepts are defined, and a literature overview is presented of studies concerned with the influence of effort/discouragement on work performance and the level of physiological stimulation involved. A literature investigation was conducted with regard to the methodological problems experienced with the use of a physiological measurement and all the existing methods of quantifying the ECG were examined. These aspects are discussed in chapter two. A test consisting of clearly distinguishable difficulty levels had to be found. No existing test was considered suitable and a new test had to be compiled. In chapter three the development of the number line test is explained. Apart from the above two ways of measurement a biographical questionnaire, aspiration level determination and individual assessment scale were implemented. These variables, as well as the actual execution of the experiment and the experimental environment are described in chapter four. The number line test was presented to a group of respondents on two occasions, namely under neutral circumstances and motivational circumstances. In order to exclude the influence of individual differences regarding the actual physiological aspect of the ECG, each respondent acted as his own control. The processing of the results is discussed in chapter five, and the evaluation of the findings is presented in chapter six. The heart beat measurements did not distinguish between the three levels of difficulty regarding the number line test or the two states of motivation. There was evidence at various occasions of Adiscouragement@ in the sense that a respondent=s achievement deteriorated and his motivational level decreased when he failed. This could result from the demands of the situation which make errors inevitable: An item among easy items was found to be much easier than the same item among a group of difficult items. Fewer people than were expected succeeded with the first item on a page as would be expected of that item=s degree of difficulty. Respondents performed better with items that were arranged in an ordered sequence than with the items that were placed at random. The individual could also be discouraged when his or her own standards are unreachable: Those individuals with an unrealistically high aspiration level had a lower level of stimulation and achievement than those with a more realistic view of their own ability. There was evidence of a strong interaction between person and situation. The stimulation level of some individuals decreased between the first and the second session and with other individuals it was exactly the opposite. The group whose stimulation level increased between the two testings, had a lower (more realistic) aspiration level and achieved better during the second session than was the case with the first group. en
dc.language Afrikaans en
dc.subject Psychology en
dc.subject Physiological psychology en
dc.subject 010 Health sciences en
dc.title Die invloed van motiveringsfaktore op verandering in die hartritme en
dc.title.alternative The effect of motivational factors on change in heart rythm en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en


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