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Dithai tsa Sesotho sa Leboa

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dc.contributor.author Makopo SA en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T09:55:12Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T09:55:12Z
dc.date.created 1987 en
dc.date.submitted 1988 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/65268
dc.description.abstract Riddles, together with other genres such as idioms, proverbs and legends, form an important and integral component of what is commonly referred to as oral literature. Riddling is a traditional game, mainly engaged in by the youth, as a positive and constructive way of whiling away time. This game is not only confined to tribes and communities in Southern Africa, but is also played throughout the African continent and also in many parts of the world. For many decades riddles and riddling have attracted the attention of scholars and researchers, although not much more was done than merely recording and translating collections of riddles. Be that as it may, most researchers have stressed the urgency of compiling lists of riddles in various languages with the purpose of preserving them for posterity, especially because riddling as a pastime has been overtaken or overshadowed by more powerful media such as the radio, and recently, television. In this study, an attempt has been made at analysing Northern Sotho riddles, grammatically, linguistically and stylistically. Chapter one is a general overview of riddles in various languages and communities: discoveries made by numerous scholars and researchers, especially on the African continent. In the second chapter opinions of a number of respondents on the subject of riddles are recorded. Their answers cover a wide field: the why, how, when and by whom. What has strongly come to the fore is that riddles, especially in bygone days, were of great educational, recreational and cultural significance to the young. In their own way, they contributed towards assisting the youth in adjusting themselves to their environment but also to their sociocultural life in general. The third chapter focusses on the peculiar language of riddles as compared to language in normal everyday usage. In riddles, for example, nomino-verbalia, ideophones, unusual words and constructions abound. In chapter four attention is given to the structure of riddles. Some riddles appear in phrase form, others appear in simple sentences, while others appear in compound sentences. A study is also made of syllabic balance as peculiar phenomenon in riddles. Furthermore, a comparison is made between riddles on the one hand and poetry and proverbs, on the other hand. In chapter five attention is devoted to style and imagery in riddles. Figures of speech enjoy a very high frequency in riddles, and these include: personification, alliteration, animalization, assonance, to name but a few. Whilst in chapter three and four attention is focussed on the riddles themselves, the searchlight in chapter six falls mainly on the study and analysis of the forms that answers to riddles assume. Some answers are single words, mostly nouns; other answers are phrased in two words, while still others take the form of a noun plus a phrase. Some answers appear in full sentences or even more than one sentence. In chapter seven, attention is paid to the problem of classification. Various methods of classifying riddles are explored and comparisons drawn. For practical reasons, we have come to the conclusion that the classification of riddles according the Schapera is most acceptable, mainly because it facilitates quick reference. According to this type of classification, phenomena with more or less similar characteristics, e.g. the sun, moon and stars, are grouped together under the solar system. And so we have the vegetable world, the animal world, the human body, vehicles, natural phenomena, food, and other groupings. Finally, a fairly comprehensive list of riddles is provided, followed by a glossary of terms used in this study. en
dc.language NORTHERN Sotho en
dc.subject Northern Sotho language en
dc.subject Semantics en
dc.title Dithai tsa Sesotho sa Leboa en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en


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