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Rasionaliteit in geding : die probleem van epistemologiese relatiwisme in die wetenskapsfilosofi"e van MB Hesse

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dc.contributor.author Postma DJVanR en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T07:16:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T07:16:00Z
dc.date.created 1986 en
dc.date.submitted 1994 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/9273
dc.description.abstract Focuses on the view of Mary Hesse which avoids the extremes of relativism and epistemological fundamentalism. It is argued that Hesse succeeds in avoiding the extreme of relativism in at least two aspects concerning the way in which the problem of relativism is defined. The first aspect deals with a view of science in which empirical reality plays an insignificant role in the formulation and validation of scientific theories. Hesse avoids relativism through her emphasis on the limited and local nature of scientific theories which conform to the pragmatic criterion of successful prediction and control. In this regard theories provide knowledge which is objective, progressive and accumulative. The second aspect deals with the role of values and interests in science and states that science is relatavistic if it is merely a product of social values. Hesse also avoids this aspect of relatavism by showing how values and interests are critically selected. Illegitimate values which hinder the progress of science are gradually identified and eliminated in favour of legitimate values and interests. Values and interests which are seen as legitimate are exposed to continued critical scrutiny. The process of critique will not arrive at any new foundation, but will continue to question every contingent basis of knowledge in science. By overcoming the problem of relativism in epistemology, insight can be gained into the functioning of reason within a social context. en
dc.language Afrikaans en
dc.subject Philosophy en
dc.subject Theory en
dc.title Rasionaliteit in geding : die probleem van epistemologiese relatiwisme in die wetenskapsfilosofi"e van MB Hesse en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en

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