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Geselekteerde Suid-Afrikaanse en Amerikaanse manlike populasies : 'n vergelykende antropometriese studie

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dc.contributor.author De Ridder JH en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-22T07:16:10Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-22T07:16:10Z
dc.date.submitted 1988 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11892/9506
dc.description.abstract The problem of this research follows from the use of anthropometric data from the United States of America for the manufacturing of defensive equipment for South African soldiers. It has gradually become clearer that anthropometric data records of American soldiers are not in all cases applicable for the manufacturing of equipment for South African soldiers. In this study an attempt to solve the problem is made according to three objectives: the provision of representative anthropometric data sets of the South African and the American male military populations; a comparison between the South African and the American random sets and, where there are differences, the investigation of significant differences with regard to arithmetical means; verification whether differences between the two groups will still be found if proportional adjustments for a specific body measurement (in this case body height) are made. Fifty-one anthropometric variables of the whole body were measured on 746 men who were doing military service in South Africa. The readings were compared with data of 1482 American airforce staff, taken from literary sources. It has been established with the aid of z-tests that significant differences usually occur between the absolute means of the variables of the two random sets. Significant differences occur in 47 variables and the cases where no differences were found were in neck circumference, thigh circumference just above the knee, calf circumference and foot length. The difference in age between the two groups probably has a great influence on the differences in many of the variables. After a proportional adjustment for differences in height, the differences in just five of the fifty variables were almost deleted, namely elbow rest height, bicondyler diameter, tense upper arm circumference, facial breadth and head height (tragion to vertex). It is clear that the differences are not only a function of body height and it is concluded that genetic differences, the differences in body height and age all determine anthropometrical differences between the two random sets. Foreign population data should not be used in the manufacturing of defensive equipment. Data of the target population - including correct variance breadth in age - should be collected and utilised. en
dc.language Afrikaans en
dc.subject Medical sciences: Health promotion en
dc.subject Physical fitness and physiological aspects en
dc.title Geselekteerde Suid-Afrikaanse en Amerikaanse manlike populasies : 'n vergelykende antropometriese studie en
dc.type Masters degree en
dc.description.degree MA en


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